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当前位置:橡皮止血带是一种特制特制的橡皮管

在现场急救中主要使用橡皮止血带和布性止血带。 In the first aid, rubber tourniquet and cloth tourniquet are mainly used. 橡皮止血带是一种特制特制的橡皮管,在现场可使用橡皮条、自行车内胎等替代。使用时要把止血带放在肢体适当的部位,如上肢要放在上臂中上1/3处;下肢放在大腿的中下1/3处。先在上止血带的部位垫一层软布,如毛巾、口罩等以保护皮肤。救助者用左手拇指、食指和中指持止血带的头端,右手将橡皮管拉紧绕肢体一圈后压住头端,再绕肢体一圈后将右手持的尾端放人左手食指中指之间,由食指中指夹持尾端从两圈止血带下拉出一半,使之成为一个活结。如果需要松止血带时,只要将尾端拉出即可。 The rubber tourniquet is a specially made rubber tube, which can be replaced by rubber strips and bicycle tubes at the scene. When using, should put the tourniquet in the appropriate part of the body, such as the upper arm should be placed on the upper arm 1/3, lower limbs placed in the lower middle of the thigh 1/3. First put a layer of soft cloth on the part of the tourniquet, such as towels, masks and so on, to protect the skin. Rescuers use the left thumb, forefinger and middle finger of the right hand to the head end of the tourniquet, the rubber tube tension around the limb ring pressed the head end, between a circle around the limb after the end of the right hand hold put left index finger, the index finger holding end from two produced a half circle tourniquet that makes it a slipknot. If you need a tourniquet, just pull out the tail. 布性止血带是用绷带或布条制成的止血带。现场急救时可用毛巾、衣物撕成布条代替绷带。将布带缠绕肢体一圈后打结,圈内插入一小木棍绞紧,边绞边看出血情况,动脉出血刚刚止住即为松紧适度。然后将小木棍用布条固定。 A cloth tourniquet is a tourniquet made of bandages or strips of cloth. When the first aid is available, towels and clothes can be torn into cloth instead of bandage. The winding limb ring knot, the circle into a small wooden side cutter able to bear, while watching the bleeding, bleeding artery is just stop moderate. Then fix the stick with cloth. 止血带的使用方法比较简单,但使用原则较复杂。只有准确地掌握这些原则使用得当,才能起到挽救生命和肢体的作用,否则将导致截肢致残。 The use of tourniquet is simple, but the principle of use is complicated. Only by accurately mastering these principles and using them properly can they save lives and limb, or they will cause amputation and disability. 1.上止血带前,应先将伤肢抬高,促使其中静脉血液流回体内,从而减少血液丢失。 1. before the tourniquet, the injured limb should be elevated, prompting the venous blood to flow back into the body, thereby reducing blood loss. 2.上止血带的位置应在有效止血的前提下,尽量靠近出血部位。但在上臂中段禁止使用止血带,因为该处有桡神经从肱骨表面通过,止血带的压迫可造成桡神经损伤,进而使前臂以下的功能日后难以恢复。 2. the location of the tourniquet should be close to the bleeding site as much as possible under the condition of effective hemostasis. But in the mid upper arm to prohibit the use of a tourniquet, due to the radial nerve in the distal surface by tourniquet compression can cause injury of the radial nerve, and the forearm function below the day after it is difficult to restore. 3.止血带不能直接绑在肢体上,准备上止血带的部位应先垫一层敷料、毛巾等柔软的布垫,用以保护皮肤。 3., the tourniquet can not be directly tied to the body, the preparation of the tourniquet should be padded with a layer of cloth, towels and other soft cloth pad, used to protect the skin. 4.用毛巾、大手帕等现场制作的布性止血带时,应先将其叠成长条状,宽约5厘米,以便受力均匀。严禁使用电线、铁丝、细绳等过细而且无弹性物品充作止血带,因为这些物品不仅止血效果不理想而且还损伤皮肤,为日后的治疗和康复带来麻烦。 4., with towels, large handkerchief and other on-site production of cloth tourniquet, it should be folded into strips, width of about 5 cm, so as to force evenly. Prohibited the use of wire, wire, etc. and non elastic articles or string as a tourniquet, because these items not only hemostatic effect is not ideal, but also damage the skin and cause trouble for treatment and rehabilitation after the day.

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